Marta asked me about the adjective muggy, so let’s start with some other words to describe summer weather. Humid is another similar adjective, used when it’s hot the air is very wet, which makes you feel uncomfortable.
Instead of simply saying “it’s hot”, you might hear “it’s boiling/scorching” when it’s really hot. Have you heard of a heatwave, when the temperatures are very high for a long time?
At the other end of the thermometer, some different ways to say “it’s cold”. The opposite of boiling is freezing, and we often use this when it’s very cold. The adjective bitter (or the adverb bitterly) can also be used when it’s extremely cold.
Thanks to the large amounts of rain we get in the UK, we have lots of ways to describe this type of weather! Of course, we can simply say that it’s raining, but how about the verb to drizzle (very light rain), or the noun showers (short, often heavy, bursts of rain). You’ve probably heard of the saying “it’s raining cats and dogs!”, but I don’t think I’ve ever heard anyone use it seriously. You’re much more likely to hear “it’s tipping it down/chucking it down!” The adjective torrential is used to describe very heavy rain.
When it rains, it’s often also windy. We can say breezy for a light wind (and there is also an expression it was a breeze which means that something was easy), or blustery for a strong wind that blows in short bursts.
If the weather is even colder, you can see frost, a thin layer of ice, on the ground. When it snows very very heavily and there is a strong wind, we say that it’s a blizzard. Snow often comes with ice, which can make the pavements slippery.
Sometimes, there is a mixture between rain and snow, which is sleet. Hail is when small balls of ice fall like rain.
This is not a complete list of all weather-related vocabulary, but it’s a start! How many more words can you think of? Do you have any questions? Have you got an idea for the next blog topic? Post a comment below!
TIP - INCREASE YOUR VOCABULARY
When you learn a new word, learn other words in the same “family”. For example, you’ve learnt the word humid, so also write down the noun humidity. Think about the different word types: nouns, verbs adjectives, adverbs...